FOOD PACKAGING – TYPES OF MATERIALS AND REGULATIONS
All products must be wrapped properly. Most food is packaged for retail sale. Packages perform multiple tasks. It can be used for both aesthetic and functional purposes.
Protection of products from pollution. Solid, durable covers help keep products clean;
Food can be kept fresh for longer shelf life. Packed food doesn’t spoil or go bad.
Convenience from both logistical and consumer perspectives. Transport of products is guaranteed to be clean and safe.
A visually appealing package is a great marketing tool. It is attractive and helps to promote products.
Each product will require a different container. You can pour liquids into bottles while dry food or loose food goes in bags or boxes.
Characteristics for Good Packaging
These are the points that all types of food packaging must meet:
Every wrap should include information about the ingredients, manufacturer, legal address and shelf life. Labeling is an essential characteristic of all covers.
What happens to packages when they are unpacked? Are there zip lines or caps? What is the location of the top and bottom boxes? This criterion states that there are packages sealed with machine-applied tear tape and with caps, zip lines, etc.
There are many sizes available. You can find small, medium or large covers as well as huge boxes and canisters. Wrapping can be made for any product or item.
Wrapping can be made more durable or less durable depending on the material used. Metal boxes are durable and strong, while glass can withstand many loads, but is fragile. Plastic bags are flexible and resist raptures, while papers are afraid of fire and water.
These characteristics will help you decide which product packaging is best for your product.
These raw materials are very popular for creating packages.
This material is used to make bags and containers for both edible and non-edible products. Modern manufacturers have the ability to produce all types of wrapping, from flexible bags to sturdy boxes and containers. An enterprise can choose the right option.
This material is resistant to heat, sun, frost, mechanical stress, and damage. Plastics come in a variety of forms, including elastic and solid. These containers are lighter than other types of packaging.
Green activists argue that plastic should be discarded because it pollutes the Earth and harms the environment. However, extensive research has shown that plastic is much more eco-friendly than other packaging materials when properly disposed of.
These types of food packaging materials are made from plastic:
Doy-packs for pet food, dry snacks and cookies, as well as tea and coffee
flat pouches (pouch packaging for seeds, grocery, sweets),
Gusseted bags are a popular packaging option for nuts, dry snacks, and cookies. Coffee, tea, and other beverages ),
Bottles (for beverages or milk)
Modern plastic bags are less harmful to the environment. Research has shown that recycling is possible if one type of plastic is used in wrapping. These containers can only be made from one type of plastic, like PE or PP. These containers can be recycled in the same way as paper bags.
Glass is used to make bottles for liquids like beer, juice, and other hard drinks. It protects stored products against damage, cracking, and pouring out. It does not leave any footprint and is impervious to mechanical influences. It can still be broken easily if it falls. Glass is also a costly material which can increase the final cost.
Containers are made of metals. They have the unique properties of resisting pressure, mechanical strength, preservation of goods, and being resistant to corrosion. Protects goods from light, gasses and air. Beverages are often served in metal cans.
Films and Foils
Foil protects stored products’ properties, including taste and smell. It protects contents from heat, moisture, temperature changes and sunlight. It can be used to cover multi-layer Tetra packs and other wrappers. Films are distinguished for their flexibility and elasticity.
Blister packaging refers to a case that is made from a transparent film that repeats the product’s shape and has a thin substrate. For blister production, you can use more environmentally-friendly polymeric materials. These include polystyrene and ABS plastic, as well as polyethylene and polycarbonate. These materials are used extensively in the medical and pharmaceutical industries.
UK Food Wrapping Regulations
The following conditions are set by the county for the labeling of goods:
It is recommended that the font size be at least 1.2mm.
The following information is provided: the law address of the manufacturer, contact details, all ingredients including additives, date of production, expiry date, and origin.
All labeled foods must have a QUID declaration.
To avoid any problems, businesses should regulate the labeling process. All provisions pertaining to the supply of goods for sale should be regulated. To avoid any confusion, all information should be available to consumers before making a purchase.